Melanism patches up the defective cuticular morphological traits through promoting the up-regulation of cuticular protein-coding genes in Bombyx mori

Citation:

Qiao, L., Wang, R. -xin, Hao, Y. -jin, Hu, H., Xiong, G., He, S. -zhen, Song, J. -bo, et al. (Forthcoming). Melanism patches up the defective cuticular morphological traits through promoting the up-regulation of cuticular protein-coding genes in Bombyx mori. BioRxiv , 155002.

Date Published:

3 Sep 2017

Abstract:

Melanin and cuticular proteins are important cuticle components in insect. Cuticle defects caused by mutations in cuticular protein-encoding genes can hinder melanin deposition. However, the effects of melanin variation on cuticular protein-encoding genes and the corresponding morphological traits associated with these genes are remain largely unknown. Using Bombyx mori as a model, we showed that the melanism levels during larval cuticle pigmentation correlated positively with the expression of cuticular protein-encoding genes. This correlation stemmed from the simultaneous induction of these genes by the melanin precursors. More importantly, the effect of the melanism background on the cuticles induced the up-regulation of other functionally redundant cuticular protein-encoding genes to rescue the morphological and adaptive defects caused by the dysfunction of some mutated cuticular proteins, and the restorative ability increased with increasing melanism levels, which gives a novel evidence that melanism enhances insect adaptability. These findings deepen our understanding of the interactions among cuticle components, as well as their importance in the stabilizing of the normal morphology and function of the cuticle

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Last updated on 05/13/2019